John of Damascus


John of Damascus
(c. 675–c. 749)
   Theologian, Poet and Saint.
   Little is known of the life of John of Damascus. He served as chief representative of the Christians at the court of the Caliph of Damascus; he entered the monastery of St Sabas near Jerusalem and he participated in the Iconoclastic Controversy, defending the use of icons in churches. He is remembered for his great three-part work, the Fount of Wisdom, which dealt with philosophy, heresy and the Orthodox faith. The last part has always been used as a textbook of doctrine in the Orthodox Church, but his work was not known in the West until the twelfth century. It was used by both peter lombard and thomas aquinas and must be regarded as a foundation document of mediaeval theology. It is a work of immense learning and was influenced by the writings of Aristotle, maximus the confessor, epiphanius, Gregory of nazianzus and Pseudo-dionysius. John was also a considerable poet and some of his hymns have been incorporated into the Orthodox liturgy. He was declared a Doctor of the Church in 1890.
   D.H. Farmer (ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Saints, 3rd edn (1992).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John of Damascus — Chrysorrhoas redirects here. For the river, see Barada. Saint John of Damascus Saint John Damascene (arabic icon) Doctor of the Church Born …   Wikipedia

  • John of Damascus —    Arab Christian born in Damascus (q.v.) who authored numerous works of theology, philosophy, polemics, history, hymns, and hagiography (qq.v.). Of particular importance is his The Source of Knowledge, which attempts a systematic study of all… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • John of Damascus — Saint, A.D. c675 749, priest, theologian, and scholar of the Eastern Church, born in Damascus. Also called Johannes Damascenus. * * * …   Universalium

  • John of Damascus — (Johannes Chrysorrhoas, St.) (c. 700, Damascus – 754, Jerusalem)    Composer of Byzantine kanones and traditionally credited with the sytematization of the oktoēchos and the improvement of musical notation …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • John of Damascus — Saint, A.D. c675 749, priest, theologian, and scholar of the Eastern Church, born in Damascus. Also called Johannes Damascenus …   Useful english dictionary

  • JOHN OF DAMASCUS — (675 749)    an ARAB CHRISTIAN theologian and earliest Christian commentator on ISLAM. His work deeply influenced GREEK ORTHODOXY as well as Western theologians such as Thomas AQUINAS. He was a strong defender of ICONS and the use of IMAGES as… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • John of Damascus — /ˈdəmæskəs/ (say duhmaskuhs) noun Saint, 675?–749, Syrian theologian; a leading figure in the defence of icons …   Australian English dictionary

  • John of Damascus, St. — …   Useful english dictionary

  • John of Damascus, Saint — or Saint John Damascene born с 675, Damascus died Dec. 4, 749, near Jerusalem; Western feast day December 4 Monk and theological doctor of the Greek and Latin churches. He spent his entire life under Muslim rule. As a writer of hymns and theology …   Universalium

  • John Malalas — or Ioannes Malalas (or Malelas) (Greek: Ἰωάννης Μαλάλας) (c. 491 – 578) was a Greek chronicler from Antioch. Malalas is probably a Syriac word for rhetor , orator ; it is first applied to him by John of Damascus (the form Malelas is later, first… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.